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Numerous types of fish are also caught off the coast of Goa and in its rivers. Crab, lobster, shrimp, jellyfish, oysters and catfish are the basis of the marine fishery.
Goa also has a high snake population. Since there is a substantial area under private forests and a large tract under cashew, mango, coconut, etc.
Goa has two main tourist seasons: winter and summer. In winter, tourists from abroad mainly Europe come, and summer which, in Goa, is the rainy season sees tourists from across India.
The land away from the coast is rich in minerals and ores, and mining forms the second largest industry.
Iron, bauxite, manganese, clays, limestone, and silica are mined. The Mormugao port handled Sesa Goa now owned by Vedanta Resources and Dempo are the lead miners.
Rampant mining has been depleting the forest cover as well as posing a health hazard to the local population. Corporations are also mining illegally in some areas.
During —16, the total traffic handled by Mormugao port was recorded to be Agriculture, while of shrinking importance to the economy over the past four decades, offers part-time employment to a sizeable portion of the populace.
Rice is the main agricultural crop, followed by areca, cashew, and coconut. Fishing employs about 40, people, though recent official figures indicate a decline of the importance of this sector and also a fall in catch, due perhaps, to traditional fishing giving way to large-scale mechanised trawling.
Medium scale industries include the manufacturing of pesticides, fertilisers, tyres, tubes, footwear, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, wheat products, steel rolling, fruits and fish canning, cashew nuts, textiles, brewery products.
Currently, there are 16 planned SEZs in Goa. Goa is also notable for its low priced beer, wine, and spirits prices due to its very low excise duty on alcohol.
Another main source of cash inflow to the state is remittance, from many of its citizens who work abroad, to their families. It is said to have some of the largest bank savings in the country.
Goa is the second state in India to achieve a percent automatic telephone system with a solid network of telephone exchanges.
As of September , Goa had a total installed power generation capacity of Goa is also one of the few states in India to achieve percent rural electrification.
Train carrying iron ore to Marmagao Port, Vasco. A native of Goa is called a Goan. Goa has a population of 1. The population has a growth rate of 8.
There are people for each square kilometre of land which is higher than national average per km 2. Goa is the state with highest proportion of urban population with The sex ratio is females to 1, males.
The birth rate is Goa also is the state with lowest proportion of Scheduled Tribes at 0. Languages Goa . The Goa, Daman and Diu Official Language Act, makes Konkani in the Devanagari script the sole official language of Goa, but provides that Marathi may also be used "for all or any of the official purposes".
Portuguese was the sole official language during Portuguese colonial rule. The government also has a policy of replying in Marathi to correspondence received in Marathi.
Konkani is spoken as a native language by about Other linguistic minorities in the state per the census are speakers of Marathi Historically, Konkani was neither the official or administrative language used by the various rulers of the State.
Under the Kadambas c. Religion in Goa  . According to the census, in a population of 1,, people, Due to the economic decline of Portuguese India from the 18th century, there was a large-scale migration of Goan Catholics.
The population moved from Tourism is generally focused on the coastal areas of Goa, with decreased tourist activity inland.
In , there were more than 2 million tourists reported to have visited Goa, about 1. The state was hopeful that changes could be made which would attract a more upscale demographic.
One of the biggest tourist attractions in Goa is water sports. Beaches like Baga and Calangute offer jet-skiing, parasailing, banana boat rides, water scooter rides, and more.
Over years of Portuguese rule and the influence of the Portuguese culture presents to visitors to Goa a cultural environment that is not found elsewhere in India.
Goa is often described as a fusion between Eastern and Western culture with Portuguese culture having a dominant position in the state be it in its architectural, cultural or social settings.
The state of Goa is famous for its excellent beaches, churches, and temples. The basilica holds the mortal remains of St.
These are both Portuguese-era monuments and reflect a strong European character. The relics are taken down for veneration and for public viewing, per the prerogative of the Church in Goa, not every ten or twelve years as popularly thought and propagated.
The last exposition was held in The Velhas Conquistas regions are known for Goa-Portuguese style architecture.
In many parts of Goa, mansions constructed in the Indo-Portuguese style architecture still stand, though in some villages, most of them are in a dilapidated condition.
Fontainhas in Panaji has been declared a cultural quarter, showcasing the life, architecture and culture of Goa. After , many of these were demolished and reconstructed in the indigenous Indian style.
The aviation museum is one of three in India the others are in Delhi and Bengaluru. Having been a Portuguese territory for over years, Goan culture is an interesting amalgamation of both Eastern and Western styles, with the latter having a more dominant role.
The tableau of Goa showcases religious harmony by focusing on the Deepastambha, the Cross and Ghode Modni followed by a chariot.
Western royal attire of kings is as much part of Goa's cultural heritage as are regional dances performed depicting a unique blend of different religions and cultures of this State.
The Goan Carnival and Christmas-new year celebrations attract many tourists. As part of its Portuguese history, music is an integral part of Goan homes.
It is often said that "Goans are born with music and sport". Western musical instruments like the piano, guitars and violins are widely used in most religious and social functions of the Catholics.
Goan Hindus are very fond of Natak , Bhajan and Kirtan. Natak , Tiatr most popular and Jagor are the chief forms of Goa's traditional performance arts.
Literal meaning of Jagor is "jagran" or wakeful nights. The strong belief is that the night long performance, awakens the deities once a year and they continue to remain awake throughout the year guarding the village.
Perni Jagor is the ancient mask dance — drama of Goa, performed by Perni families, using well crafted and painted wooden masks, depicting various animals, birds, supernatural power, deities, demons, and social characters.
Gauda Jagor, is an impression of social life, that displays all the existing moods and modes of human characters. It is predominantly based on three main characters, Gharasher, Nikhandar and Parpati wearing shining dress and headgears.
In some places, Jagor performances are held with participation of both Hindus and Christian community, whereby, characters are played by Hindus and musical support is provided by Christian artistes.
Tiatr Teatro and its artists play a major role in keeping the Konkani language and music alive.
Tiatrs are conducted solely in the Roman script of Konkani as it is primarily a Christian community-based act. They are played in scenes with music at regular intervals, the scenes are portrayals of daily life and are known to depict social and cultural scenarios.
Konkani cinema is an Indian film industry, where films are made in the Konkani language , which is spoken mainly in the Indian states of Goa, Maharashtra and Karnataka and to a smaller extent in Kerala.
Konkani films have been produced in Goa, Karnataka , Maharashtra and Kerala. The first full-length Konkani film was Mogacho Anvddo , released on 24 April , and was produced and directed by A.
Since , starting from the 35th edition, the International Film Festival of India moved its permanent venue to Goa, it is annually held in the months of November and December.
Konkani film Paltadcho manis has been included in the world's best films of list. Pork vindaloo is a popular Goan curry dish in the state and around the world.
Left Tandoori lobster with fries and vegetables. Right Tandoori prawns with sauce. Rice with fish curry xit koddi in Konkani is the staple diet in Goa.
Goan cuisine is famous for its rich variety of fish dishes cooked with elaborate recipes. Coconut and coconut oil are widely used in Goan cooking along with chili peppers , spices , and vinegar is used in the Catholic cuisine, giving the food a unique flavour.
The Goan cuisine is heavily influenced by Portuguese cuisine. Goan food may be divided into Goan Catholic and Goan Hindu cuisine with each showing very distinct tastes, characteristics, and cooking styles.
An exotic Goan vegetable stew, known as Khatkhate , is a very popular dish during the celebrations of festivals, Hindu and Christian alike.
Khatkhate contains at least five vegetables, fresh coconut, and special Goan spices that add to the aroma. Sannas , Hitt , are variants of idli and Polle , Amboli , and Kailoleo are variants of dosa ; all are native to Goa.
A rich egg -based, multi-layered sweet dish known as bebinca is a favourite at Christmas. Ros omelette is one of the most popular snacks and street foods in Goa, it is traditionally sold on food carts on streets.
The most popular alcoholic beverage in Goa is feni ; cashew feni is made from the fermentation of the fruit of the cashew tree, while coconut feni is made from the sap of toddy palms.
Urrak is another local liquor prepared from Cashew fruit. In fact the bar culture is one of the unique aspects of the Goan villages where a local bar serves as a meeting point for villagers to unwind.
The architecture of Goa is a combination of Goan, Ottoman and Portuguese styles. Since the Portuguese ruled and governed for four centuries, many churches and houses bear a striking element of the Portuguese style of architecture.
Goan Hindu houses do not show any Portuguese influence, though the modern temple architecture is an amalgam of original Goan temple style with Dravidian , Hemadpanthi , Islamic, and Portuguese architecture.
Goa is served by almost all television channels available in India. Channels are received through cable in most parts of Goa.
In the interior regions, channels are received via satellite dishes. Doordarshan , the national television broadcaster, has two free terrestrial channels on air.
In , St Xavier's College, Mapusa, became the first college in the state to launch a campus community radio station "Voice of Xavier's".
The Times of India has recently started publication from Goa itself, serving the local population news directly from the state capital. All are dailies.
Normally other states are fond of cricket but association football is the most popular sport in Goa and is embedded in Goan culture as a result of the Portuguese influence.
William Robert Lyons established the sport as part of a "Christian education". The first Unity World Cup was held in Goa in The state's main football stadium, Fatorda Stadium , is located at Margao and also hosts cricket matches.
Goa has its own state football team and league, the Goa Professional League. It is probably the only state in India where cricket is not considered the most important of all sports.
Goan's are avid football fans, particularly of the football teams from Portugal Benfica, Sporting , and Brazil especially during major football events such as the 'European Cup' and the 'World Cup' championships.
The Portuguese footballer 'Ronaldo' and Brazilian 'Neymar', are revered superstar football players in Goa.
Goa also has its own cricket team. Dilip Sardesai remains the only Goan to date to play international cricket for India.
Most of the countries competing are countries that are members of the CPLP Community of Portuguese Language Countries , but some are countries with significant Portuguese communities, or have a history with Portugal.
This event is similar in concept to the Commonwealth Games for members of the Commonwealth of Nations and the Jeux de la Francophonie for the Francophone community.
Carmel College for Women is affiliated to Goa University. It was established more than 50 years to aid in closing the education gender gap.
Goa had India's earliest educational institutions built with European support. The Portuguese set up seminaries for religious education and parish schools for elementary education.
St Paul's was once the main Jesuit institution in the whole of Asia. It housed the first printing press in India and published the first books in Medical education began in with the offering of regular medical courses at the Royal and Military Hospital in the old City of Goa.
Private schools are preferred over government-run schools. Most students in Goa complete their high school with English as the medium of instruction.
Most primary schools, however, use Konkani and Marathi in private, but government-aided schools. As is the case in most of India, enrolment for vernacular media has seen a fall in numbers in favour of English medium education.
After ten years of schooling, students join a Higher Secondary school, which offers courses in popular streams such as Science , Arts , Law and Commerce.
A student may also opt for a course in vocational studies. Additionally, they may join three-year diploma courses. Two years of college is followed by a professional degree programme.
There are six engineering colleges in the state. The site for permanent campus was finalised in Cotarli, Sanguem. There are colleges offering pharmacy , architecture and dentistry along with numerous private colleges offering law , arts , commerce and science.
Goa Institute of Management located at Sanquelim, near Panaji is one of India's premier business schools. In addition to the engineering colleges, there are government polytechnic institutions in Panaji , Bicholim and Curchorem , and aided institutions like Father Agnel Polytechnic in Verna and the Institute of Shipbuilding Technology in Vasco da Gama which impart technical and vocational training.
M's R. M's S. A higher secondary school, Don Bosco College, D. As the result of renewed interest in the Portuguese language and culture, Portuguese at all levels of instruction is offered in many schools in Goa, largely private ones.
In some cases, Goan students do student exchange programs in Portugal. Though night operations were not permitted till recently, the military now allows civil airlines to fly during the night.
A greenfield airport is under construction at Mopa in Pernem taluka. Goa's public transport largely consists of privately operated buses linking the major towns to rural areas.
Government-run buses, maintained by the Kadamba Transport Corporation , link major routes like the Panaji—Margao route and some remote parts of the state.
However, public transport in Goa is less developed, and residents depend heavily on their own transportation, usually motorised two-wheelers and small family cars.
Goa has four National Highways passing through it. National Highways in Goa are among the narrowest in the country and will remain so for the foreseeable future, as the state government has received an exemption that allows narrow national highways.
In Kerala, highways are 45 metres feet wide. In other states National Highways are grade separated highways 60 metres feet wide with a minimum of four lanes, as well as 6 or 8 lane access-controlled expressways.
Hired forms of transport include unmetered taxis and, in urban areas, auto rickshaws. Another form of transportation in Goa is the motorcycle taxi , operated by drivers who are locally called "pilots".
These vehicles transport a single pillion rider, at fares that are usually negotiated. Other than buses, "pilots" tend to be the cheapest mode of transport.
The Konkan Railway line, which was built during the s, runs parallel to the coast connecting major cities on the western coast.
The Mormugao Port Trust near the city of Vasco handles mineral ore, petroleum, coal, and international containers. Much of the shipments consist of minerals and ores from Goa's hinterland.
Panaji, which is on the banks of the Mandovi, has a minor port, which used to handle passenger steamers between Goa and Mumbai till the late s.
There was also a short-lived catamaran service linking Mumbai and Panaji operated by Damania Shipping in the s.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Goa disambiguation. State in India. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Konkani .
Main article: History of Goa. See also: Annexation of Goa. Main article: Districts of Goa. See also: List of cities and towns in Goa.
Main article: Government of Goa. Main article: Flora and fauna of Goa. Commercial area in Panaji. See also: Goans. See also: Konkani and Marathi.
Marathi Hindi The state receives about inches 3, mm of rainfall annually, most occurring during the monsoon season.
The Portuguese colonial heritage and the diverse local population of Goa have cultivated a unique cultural landscape. The population is primarily a mixture of Christians and Hindus : the western coastland and estuaries are dotted with wayside crosses and Roman Catholic churches, while the hilly east is scattered with Hindu temples and shrines.
There is also a notable Muslim population in Goa, as well as smaller communities of Jains , Sikhs , and practitioners of local religions.
Portuguese was once the language of the administration and the elite, and as part of that legacy , many Goans bear Portuguese personal names and surnames.
Today, however, most Goans tend to speak Konkani, Marathi , or English. Old Goa, on the island of Goa, was once the hub of the region, but the city was decimated by war and disease in the 18th century; for the most part, only its ruins remain.
Since the midth century, however, efforts have been made to preserve Old Goa. Francis Xavier , and the Se Cathedral, dedicated to St.
Catherine of Alexandria. Panaji was originally a suburb of Old Goa. Like its parent city, Panaji was built on the left bank of the Mandavi estuary.
Marmagao, sheltered by a promontory and outfitted with a breakwater and quay, is one of the major ports between Mumbai and Kozhikode Calicut; in the state of Kerala.
It specializes in the shipment of iron ore and manganese. As Marmagao developed, so too did nearby Madgaon, with its industrial estate, cold-storage facilities, and large produce market.
Many Goans have moved not only to other parts of India but also to the former Portuguese colonies on the eastern coast of Africa.
Principal forest products include teak and bamboo. The state has an active fisheries industry along its coast, although sustainability has been a growing concern in the 21st century.
The state exports a number of its agricultural commodities. This card will hold the complete employment status history of the candidates.
The employment exchange in Goa has mixed registration of around 1. The fresh online registration at Goa Employment Exchange portal would result in more 7 lakh individuals making online registration.
This includes around 5. All the labour class workers covered under the building and other construction workers must also get themselves registered online with the state employment exchange portal.
The state govt. Goa govt. Moreover, more kiosks and common service centers would also be setup for the purpose.